Policy Background

Welcome To Liz's Platform
Welcome To Liz's Platform

Policy Background

Accessibility

Accessible Neighbourhoods
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RESEARCH AND INFORMATION
Current Regulations
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The City has a specific committee set up to address issues of accessibility in Edmonton, the City of Edmonton Accessibility Advisory Committee (AAC). They provide guidance to council and city administration on concerns around accessibility to those with disabilities in playgrounds and public spaces. The guidelines provided by this committee are used to create a list of accessible playgrounds in the City. There are 18 playgrounds in ward Métis’ boundaries that meet accessibility guidelines. Furthermore, any playgrounds that get built from 2017 onwards are supposed to meet the accessibility guidelines as laid out by the AAC.The City of Edmonton utilizes two main policies and strategies that address accessibility for playgrounds. The “Checklist for Accessibility and Universal Design” developed by the AAC (local) which provides a guideline standard for accessibility in the city’s new developments. This committee is responsible for addressing complaints and concerns around accessibility in the City of Edmonton.
Source: Services For Persons With Disabilities
Source: Policy Number C602
Source: Accessible Advisory Committee

Standards
The overall standards and requirements for all new play areas in the City of Edmonton are laid out by the Active Living Alliance for Canadians with Disabilities. New playgrounds are required to be designed, constructed and maintained according to the Children’s play space and Equipment standard.
Source: Accessibility For People With Disabilities Policy

Business

Encouraging Home Based Businesses

RESEARCH AND INFORMATION
There are Minor Home-Based Business and Major Home-Based Business regulations that exist for registering a home-based business.

Minor Home-based businesses
- Minor home-based businesses are considered to have no impact on the neighbours and are basically invisible. These businesses can only have employees who live at the location of the home-based business. Typical businesses may include consultants and computer programmers.
- If within the zoning bylaw, it will only require a business license
- It would not require a development permit

Major Home-based businesses
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Major home-based businesses are visible and may involve a customer coming to the home or some other use of the property that is not typical of a residential area. These businesses will allow more business visits and have employees who do not live at the location of the home-based business. Typical businesses may include hairdressers or accountants.
- It would require a business license
- It would require a development permit based on specific regulations

Additional business programs for women may be getting reviewed under the umbrella of the Women's Advocacy Voice of Edmonton Committee (WAVE) in goal #1 of their 2019-2021 strategy.
Source: Edmonton Home Based Businesses
Source: WAVES Strategic Plan Summary

Climate Change

Production of Clean Energy using wastewater

RESEARCH AND INFORMATION

Hydro Energy Recovery Information

Creating a More Sustainable EdmontonImplementation of hydro turbines into wastewater treatment plants and other existing infrastructure 
Why hydroelectric? What is energy recovery? Why wastewater?
Hydroelectric energy is sustainable and emissions free. Canada is successful in producing large amounts of renewable energy, however Alberta lags behind. Alberta produces the least amount of hydroelectric energy in Canada at only 2.8%. Other prairie provinces are doing much better, 13.3% of Saskatchewan energy is hydro and Manitoba produces 97% of its energy through hydroelectricity. 87% of Alberta’s energy comes from coal and gas (47% and 40% respectively) Electricity rates by province

https://energyrates.ca/the-main-electricity-sources-in-canada-by-province/

Hydro Energy recovery is: hydropower built using an existing, pressurized, man made water movement that is already moving water from a natural waterway for the distribution ofwater for agricultural, municipal, or industrial consumption and not solely for the generation of electricity. (1)
Unlike the creation of new energy plants, hydro energy recovery uses existing infrastructure to generate renewable energy. As well, micro-turbine hydro electric plants or hydro recovery will not disrupt wildlife in natural bodies of water. Hydro energy recovery actually can help the city save money by offsetting the costs of operation with the on-site energy production. (2)

Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) cost a lot to run and operate, and most of all they do not produce any of their own energy. Epcor states that every day around 265 million litres of water flow just into the Goldbar Wastewater Treatment Plant. That amount of water could be producing clean energy for Edmontonians while lowering energy production costs.  

How does it happen?

Specifically wastewater treatment plants create heat waste and sludge which can be harnessed as well to be used as electricity.
For the implementation there would be turbines added into WWTPs. There are two kinds of turbines: impulse turbines and reaction turbines
- Impulse turbines: use the velocity of moving water to rotate the turbine blades and generate electricity, and they are typically used in high head and low flow applications. 
- Reaction turbines: power is generated using the pressure of moving water (3)
The turbines would be added after the secondary treatment where the hard solids are removed so that the turbines wouldn’t be damaged.

The sludge that is removed from the water can also be used as energy. Currently at the Goldbar Treatment Centre, the sludge goes through a multiple weeklong process to become usable as fertilizer or soil additives. Sludge can be turned into biogas (mostly methane) and burnt to make heat and electricity. (Source)

Costs:

Example from Worcester Polytech Study: “The costs that are associated with implementing hydroelectric power recovery at a wastewater treatment facility consist of turbine cost, turbine foundation cost, piping system cost, and project contingency, which make up the system installation costs. These costs are offset by the benefit of electricity being sold back to the grid comparing the costs and the benefits allows for assessment of the feasibility of the project. There are also yearly operating and maintenance costs which were not considered for this case study analysis because more information would be necessary to create a specific maintenance schedule. General maintenance may consist of replacing belts, bearings, and runner blades.”

With numbers from the Upper Blackstone Clean Water treatment centre in Massachusetts, if hydroelectric turbines were implemented, the electricity generated on site would save the facility over $17,000 yearly. (4) 

Previous or current plans:
There are no previous plans from the City of Edmonton mentioning hydroelectricity or hydroelectric energy recovery. Hydroelectricity is not included in the City of Edmonton budget either.

The Blatchford Renewable Energy plan is a good start as it uses geothermal and solar renewable energy but there isn’t mention of hydroelectricity 

An investment in transforming existing infrastructures into sustainable energy will reduce pollution, energy usage and contribute to a more sustainable Edmonton.

The Climate Resilient Edmonton Adaptation Strategy and Action plan recognizes that there will be new weather extremes, precipitation and unknowns, and so Edmonton must move in a more sustainable direction
Climate Resilient Edmonton: Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan
- 5 paths to climate resistance
   -1: science and evidence based decisions 
   -2: preparing for changing temperatures
   -3:  preparing for changing precipitation
   -4:  preparing for changing weather extremes
   -5:  preparing for changing ecosystems

Successful plans in other cities:
Metro Vancouver’s Seymour-Capilano Filtration Project in North Vancouver is one of the largest water transfer and treatment and energy recovery projects in North America(Source) The new facility can either dissipate the excess water pressure through pressure reducing valves, or it can convert the excess pressure and flow into electricity through a hydroelectric turbine. This energy, which would otherwise be lost, is expected to generate enough electricity, equivalent to powering up to 1,000 homes, to reduce Metro Vancouver’s total energy consumption by approximately 9,600 MWh/year. (Source)

Other hydroelectric energy recovery systems have been successful in Switzerland, South Africa and Brazil. 

Case study: Marselisborg Wastewater Treatment Plant in Aarhus, Denmark (population 200,000) has become the first city in the world to produce over 100% of its energy through hydroelectricity produced from wastewater. This is simply through household water production. (Source)

Benefits:
The treatment and supply of water consumes an extensive amount of energy, energy that is untapped into. The development of new renewable energy infrastructure is expensive, complex and more damaging to the environment. Micro-hydroelectric plants that use hydro turbines in existing wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are sustainable financially and for the environment. The production of hydroelectric energy would allow Edmonton to become more self-sufficient in energy production.

Treated water that cannot be used for any other purposes is discarded or drained. Sewage water and other unsuitable water can be repurposed to generate hydroelectricity. 

Increased energy efficiency of the system through the use of local sources, (2) a reduction of external dependence on electricity and (3) the reduction of operating costs. (5)
Although this technology is relatively new, its potential is very big and right now the water in WWTPs is idle.

From Epcor site:
- 1b. Enhanced primary treatment (stormwater)During wet weather periods the combined sewers often capture more runoff than they can handle, resulting in wastewater overflow to the river
Stormwater overflows directly into the North Saskatchewan river when there is an excess of water due to heavy rains. Epcor has done some planning to create water storage near stormwater basins to prevent the overflow into the river. In these plans the water would be idle until it was able to be treated. Traditional hydroelectric plants are expensive and cost a lot of resources. Energy recovery turbines (ERTs) are a small-scale option that can be installed in existing municipal water supply systems. (6)

Budget:
In 2018, Alberta generated 81 terawatt hours (TW.h) of electricity, which equals almost 13% of total Canadian energy generation Alberta is the 3rd largest producer of electricity in Canada and has a generating capacity of 16 332 megawatts (MW). (Source)

In 2020, the City’s investment in EPCOR increased to $3,975.0 million from $3,841.9 in 2019, a net increase of $133.1 million, or 3.5 per cent. The net increase is due to EPCOR’s reported net income of $275.7 million for 2020, $48.3 million of tangible capital assets contributed to EPCOR, offset by $2.1 million in amortization of contributed assets, other comprehensive loss of $17.8 million and a dividend of $171.0 million paid to the City (Source). In summary, the city does not really have a motivation to introduce more sustainable energy through hydro energy recovery as they are making money off of EPCOR regardless of wasted energy potential.

A portion of the money that the City of Edmonton makes off of EPCOR could be reinvested into hydroenergy recovery infrastructure.  

Who owns EPCOR?
The City of Edmonton is the sole common shareholder. The board is appointed by the city, however, the board acts independently of the city and there are no city representatives on the board. (7)
The City of Edmonton has retained ownership and management of the waste-water collection system.

There is one waste-water facility within Edmonton
- Goldbar 
   -“The Edmonton plant utilizes innovative processes that reduce our environmental impact including membrane-based wastewater recycling facility which supplies local industry with reclaimed water. We also recover approximately $200K in annual fuel savings by utilizing biogas produced on site.”
Goldbar is within Ward Metis.

Footnotes:
1. Levine, Aaron L., Curtis, Taylor L., and Johnson, Kurt. Thu . "Energy Recovery Hydropower: Prospects for Off-Setting Electricity Costs for Agricultural, Municipal, and Industrial Water Providers and Users; July 2017 - September 2017". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1417327. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1417327.
2. Levine, Aaron L., Curtis, Taylor L., and Johnson, Kurt. Thu . "Energy Recovery Hydropower: Prospects for Off-Setting Electricity Costs for Agricultural, Municipal, and Industrial Water Providers and Users; July 2017 - September 2017". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1417327. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1417327.
3. Harris, Christopher David, Jessica Dzwonkoski, and Marissa Rose Capua. 2014. Reclamation of Power In Wastewater Treatment Facilities. Millbury: Worcester Polytechnic Institute.
4. Harris, Christopher David, Jessica Dzwonkoski, and Marissa Rose Capua. 2014. Reclamation of Power In Wastewater Treatment Facilities. Millbury: Worcester Polytechnic Institute.
5. Vilanova, Mateus Ricardo Nogueira, and José Antônio Perrella Balestieri. “Hydropower Recovery in Water Supply Systems: Models and Case Study.” Energy Conversion and Management 84 (August 1, 2014): 414–26. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2014.04.057.
6. Su, Po-An, and Bryan Karney. “Micro Hydroelectric Energy Recovery in Municipal Water Systems: A Case Study for Vancouver.” Urban Water Journal 12, no. 8 (December 2015): 678–90. doi:10.1080/1573062X.2014.923919.
7. “Our Corporate Governance.” EPCOR. Accessed April 28, 2021. https://www.epcor.com/about/who-we-are/Pages/corporate-governance.aspx.


Promoting Urban Green Spaces

RESEARCH AND INFORMATION

Edmonton has more green spaces, dog parks, community gardens, per capita than most Canadian cities.
  
Here is the link to the map of all of the parks in Edmonton. You can zoom in to see Ward Metis.  This will show you all parks, of all kinds.
Source: Edmonton Recreation Parks Map

How does the City promote parks?   They have a neighbourhood interactive map that shows all of the amenities.
Source: Edmonton Activies, Parks, and Recreation

Another one for all of the picnic sites.
Source: Edmonton Picnic Sites

They have river valley trail maps
Source: Edmonton Rivervalley Trail Maps

There are a lot of maps if you can use a computer/phone to find them.  This is not promotion, per se, but there is a lot of information available if you have access to technology.  There are also full-size copies (31" x 20") of these maps available at all City Libraries, Recreation and Leisure Centres, Citizen Services Offices.A new accidental beach emerged along the North Saskatchewan River and near the Cloverdale neighbourhood in 2017 and 2018. It emerged due to LRT construction of the Tawatinâ LRT bridge, an existing sandbar downstream, low water levels and flow.   Although short in duration, the beach was a popular destination for citizens. The City is unsure whether the beach will re-emerge in 2021. Online notifications will be updated to reflect its condition.
Source: Edmonton Rivervalley Accidental Beach

Edmonton even has a map of fruit trees!
Source: Edmonton Edible Fruit Trees

LARGER CITY PARKS IN WARD METIS

1. Borden Park, 7507 Borden Park Road, Virginia Park neighbourhood: Established in 1906, was first named East End City Park, but was re-named for Sir Robert Laird Borden (1854-1937), the eighth prime minister of Canada (1911-1920), after he visited Edmonton in 1914 (on the eve of the First World War). Early 20th century popular gathering place, with a tea room, fair grounds, Edmonton’s first zoo and one of the first three swimming pools in Edmonton. http://fhnas.ca/history-borden-park-city-edmonton-alberta-canada/

2. Kinnaird Park & Natural Area, 8112 111 Avenue, Cromdale and the River Valley Kinnaird neighbourhoods: named after George Johnstone Kinnaird.  Born in Scotland, Mr. Kinnaird arrived in Canada as a Hudson Bay apprentice accountant in 1876.  In 1900 went to work for the town of Edmonton, first as a secretary-treasurer, and after as one of the two first commissioners of the city.  By 1915, he was appointed City auditor. A historical land mark the Kinnaird Bridge is also named after him. https://citymuseumedmonton.ca/2016/01/26/the-kinnaird-bridge/
https://www.edmonton.ca/sites/default/files/public-files/assets/Dawson_Master_Plan20191128.pdf
**This park is part of the Ribbon of Green Master plan.
https://www.edmonton.ca/sites/default/files/public-files/assets/Dawson_Master_Plan20191128.pdf
https://www.edmonton.ca/sites/default/files/public-files/assets/PDF/DawsonWWHPhaseI_Final.pdf

3. Forest Heights Park, 10104 84 Street, River Valley Riverside, Forest Heights and Cloverdale neighbourhoods: one of the largest parks in Edmonton, spanning three neighbourhoods, the largest portion residing in the Forest Heights neighbourhood.  Likely named because of the towering elm trees in that area. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forest_Heights_Park
**The Forest Heights area has a unique history, used as farmland until 1940’s when housing demand after WWII required it to be developed.  Also home to Edmonton’s first Jewish cemetery. https://citymuseumedmonton.ca/2021/01/27/forest-heights-a-hidden-pocket-of-history/https://www.edmontonjewishcemetery.ca/about-the-cemetery/

4. Dawson Park, 10298 89 Street, located in the River Valley Kinnaird neighbourhood: Dawson Park runs between 84 Street and 92 Street on the north bank of the North Saskatchewan River, extending north to Jasper Avenue. The park area includes Kinnaird Ravine, which extends from the North Saskatchewan River north and west into the Cromdale neighbourhood. Dawson park shares a long history of industry and coal mining dating back to the turn of the 19th century.  Dawson Bridge was named after HS Dawson who in 1892 and established the Dawson Coal Mine in the area.  Dawson Park was named after his son, John Forsyth Dawson, one of Alberta’s early geologists and WWI veteran who was wounded in the battle of Vimy Ridge.
https://www.edmonton.ca/sites/default/files/public-files/assets/Dawson_Master_Plan20191128.pdf
https://www.edmonton.ca/sites/default/files/public-files/assets/PDF/DawsonWWHPhaseI_Final.pdf
**This park is part of the Ribbon of Green Master plan.
https://www.edmonton.ca/sites/default/files/public-files/assets/Dawson_Master_Plan20191128.pdf
https://www.edmonton.ca/sites/default/files/public-files/assets/PDF/DawsonWWHPhaseI_Final.pdf

5. Capilano Park, Capilano Park Road located in the River Valley Gold Bar neighbourhood: the city list of parks,  indicates that this park is only located in the River Valley Gold Bar neighbourhood, but the Capilano Community League note it as part of the Capilano community.
https://www.edmonton.ca/activities_parks_recreation/parks_rivervalley/neighbourhood-parks-alphabetical-listing
https://capilanocl.ca/amenities
The name Capilano is named after the Capilano River Area in North Vancouver. “Capilano” is an adaptation of a Salish word meaning “people of Hiap.
https://www.greateredmontonrealestate.com/blog/edmonton-neighbourhood-spotlight-capilano.html


6. Capilano Ravine,
10236 76 Street, located in the River Valley Gold Bar and Forest Heights neighbourhoods:  Capilano ski jumping done in this area in 1935, part of the Ski Jumping Archive.
http://www.skisprungschanzen.com/EN/Ski+Jumps/CAN-Canada/AB-Alberta/Edmonton/2463-Capilano+Ravine/
https://citymuseumedmonton.ca/2021/01/27/forest-heights-a-hidden-pocket-of-history/

7. Rundle Park, 2909 113 Avenue, located in the Rundle Heights neighbourhood: There is a pedestrian bridge that connects Gold Bar Park and Rundle Park together. 
https://rivervalley.ab.ca/trail-treks/trail-trek-how-to-gold-bar-park-to-rundle-park/
Rundle Park was named after Rev.  Robert Rundle, the first protestant missionary to serve at Fort Edmonton. https://edmontonjournal.com/life/homes/neighbourhood-spotlight-beverly-offers-living-history-lesson
Rundle Park started as the Beverly dump and was transformed because of a call for civic renewal. https://citymuseumedmonton.ca/2016/12/06/world-class-dump-3/https://edmontonjournal.com/life/homes/neighbourhood-spotlight-beverly-offers-living-history-lesson

8. Gold Bar Park, 10955 50 Street, located in the River Valley Rundle and River Valley Gold Bar neighbourhoods: Gold Bar Park is located on the south bank of the river at the end of 50 Street.  The park is named after the Gold Bar community it is adjacent to, which was named after the gravel bars that extend into the North Saskatchewan River where prospectors would pan for gold in the late 1800s.  https://www.edmonton.ca/activities_parks_recreation/parks_rivervalley/gold-bar-parkThe Gold Bar area was originally known as the Gold Bar Farm. https://yegishome.ca/community/357-gold-bar

9. Gold Bar Ravine, 4304 106 Avenue, River Valley Gold Bar and Gold Bar neighbourhoods: The northern boundary of the Gold Bar neighbourhood follows a zig zag path running north east from 50 Street until it reaches the Gold Bar Ravine. The Gold Bar Ravine forms the neighbourhood's eastern and southern boundaries. https://en.wikipedia.org/wikold_Bar,_Edmonton

10. Goldstick Park, 4210 101 Avenue, located in the River   Valley Gold Bar neighbourhood: sports focused park with some of Edmonton’s top sports fields. 
https://www.edmonton.ca/activities_parks_recreation/goldstick-park-pavilion
The park was named after Cecil “Tiger” Goldstick, local sportsman and broadcaster who collected sports equipment for kids and teamed up with Sports Central when it was formed to raise money for same.
https://edmontonbroadcasters.com/bios/goldstick-tiger/


11.Gallagher Park, 9411 97 Avenue, located in the Cloverdale neighbourhood: Named after Mayor Cornelius Gallagher, Gallagher Park is located in the Cloverdale Community beside the Edmonton Ski Hill and near the Muttart Conservatory.  This park has been home to Edmonton's Folk Music Festival since 1981. https://www.edmonton.ca/activities_parks_recreation/parks_rivervalley/gallagher-park
In 2018, the city started a concept planning process to establish a 20-year vision and development plan for Gallagher Park, the guiding principles of which were shaped by public and stakeholder engagement. Funding is currently not available for implementation. https://www.edmonton.ca/projects_plans/parks_recreation/gallagher-park-master-plan


12. Mill Creek Ravine Park, 8323 95A Avenue, Bonnie Doon and Avonmore neighbourhoods: Mill Creek Ravine flows into the North Saskatchewan River. It is located north-south from Connors Road to Argyll Road (63 Avenue).   https://www.edmonton.ca/activities_parks_recreation/parks_rivervalley/mill-creek-ravineThe Cree first called Mill Creek Stony Creek, but the European residents knew it as Mill Creek, named after the grist mill built by William Bird in 1878. In 1975, the idea for an official Mill Creek Ravine Park was proposed. Originally the park was to cover a large area and include play parks and museums, threatening over 300 homes in the ravine community.  Residents in the surrounding nine communities came together to push the city to keep the Mill Creek Ravine Park as natural as possible with only the intrusion of pathways, walking trails, bike paths, picnic sites, and bridges to cross the ravine. https://strathconacommunity.ca/community/history/ravine/

City list of neighbourhoods with parks: https://www.edmonton.ca/activities_parks_recreation/parks_rivervalley/neighbourhood-parks-alphabetical-listing

Protecting our River Valley: Solar Farm and Gondola

RESEARCH AND INFORMATION

River Valley development is a contentious issue for many, with groups like the Edmonton River Valley Conservation Coalition (ERVCC) falling on the side of as little development as possible. Despite the pushback, there are several major projects that have been approved or are under consideration for the river valley including the EPCOR solar farm and the Prairie Sky Gondola.  

Edmonton’s River Valley 
Edmonton’s River Valley is the largest urban park in Canada with over 160km of walkable pathways and is home to 20 major public parks. Most of the land was acquired between 1907 and 1931 on the advice of Frederick Todd, a Canadian landscape architect. The city continued to acquire land in the 1950s, 60s and 70s as the City grew. As they acquired land, the city placed an emphasis on deindustrialization of the river valley to create a place for Edmontonians to escape from the hectic pace of city life. 
But in the 1960s the river valley faced its first significant industrial threat in the proposed development of the Metropolitan Freeway System. The project was eventually stopped but not before work had begun on the MacKinnon Ravine which resulted in the park's wide corridors. After the Metropolitan Freeway System incident, based on urging from the province, the Capital City Recreation Park was created as a provincial park that included most of the river valley parks including parks in the east end like Rundle and Gold Bar, and parks in the west like Victoria and Emily Murphy. Today, the greatest threat to the river valley is the approval of development plans that the city deems essential but could threaten the accessibility and continued environmental stewardship of the area.
https://www.ervcc.com/brief-history-of-nsr 
- https://www.edmonton.ca/activities_parks_recreation/parks_rivervalley/river-valley-parks.aspx 

The Solar Farm 
An EPCOR project, the solar farm would take up to 99 acres of river valley parkland near the E.L Smith Water Treatment Plant in the west end. EPCOR’s plan is to put 45,000 ground-mounted solar panels on the land to help meet their goal of generating 10% of their power from local sources. If built, the farm would generate a maximum of 12 megawatts of energy. The development would require the trees in the area to be cut down and the area to be fenced off. 

Opposition to the project is built upon several arguments: 
- Construction of the solar farm could set a precedent for industrial development in the river valley 
- The ecological harm caused by the development outweighs the environmental benefits of solar power
- There are other places that the solar farm could be located (EPCOR rooftops) that would not impact the river valley environment 
- The development is in conflict with the principles and policies set out in a number of City of Edmonton documents including the River Valley Bylaw, The Way We Green plan and the new City Plan which has a target of planting two million new trees
- A solar farm in the area would be harmful for wildlife conservation efforts
-https://www.ervcc.com/epcor-solar-farm 
-https://www.epcor.com/products-services/infrastructure/construction-projects/el-smith-solar-farm/Pages/project-overview.aspx

The Project Now
In October of 2020 Edmonton City Council approved the rezoning of the 99 acres needed for the project in a 7-6 vote. The ERVCC  is currently pursuing legal action against the project in the Court of Queen’s Bench. In response to the push back, EPCOR made some adjustments, namely reducing the environmental impact by 20% and incorporating a wildlife corridor. 
-https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/river-valley-solar-farm-1.5768921 

The Proposed Gondola 
The gondola project is being proposed by Prairie Sky, a private Edmonton-based company. The proposed project does not rely on taxpayer money and the estimated cost of the project is between $132-155 million. Maintenance of the gondola is estimated at $8.5 million a year.  Because four of the five gondola stations as well as 19 of the 20 towers would be located on city property, the company would lease the land from the city at market value for approximately $1.2 million per year. The proposed gondola would have five stops and connect the Downtown area to Whyte Ave. Its route would cover 2.5km and would include three mid-stations.  Preliminary plans would have the gondola comprised of 78 cars with a passenger capacity of 10 each. The cars would take off every 10 seconds and the one-way trip would take approximately 12 minutes. In total, the cars are meant to ferry 1800 people every hour. The gondola would be run for 16hrs daily with the goal of integration into the public transit system. 


Prairie Sky estimates that construction of the gondola could create between 780-920 temporary jobs, and once constructed it could employ up to 80 full-time maintenance workers. Currently, the project is in the design and consultation phases but has received approval from City Council to continue. The next phases of the project include completing transportation impact assessment, environmental impact assessment, and geotechnical assessments.
-https://edmontonjournal.com/news/local-news/gondola-report-released 
-https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/river-valley-gondola-edmonton-1.5923472
- https://edmonton.ctvnews.ca/it-s-a-great-day-urban-gondola-plan-to-move-forward-in-edmonton-1.5319129 
-https://globalnews.ca/news/7638861/prairie-sky-urban-gondola-edmonton-council-river-valley/
-https://dailyhive.com/vancouver/prairie-sky-gondola-station-locations-edmonton 
https://edmonton.ctvnews.ca/gondola-in-edmonton-project-now-backed-by-city-administration-1.5305726 

The gondola’s five stations would be built at the following locations: 
1. Rossdale Power Plant
2. Ortona Armoury 
3. Downtown 
4. End of Steel Park 
5.Whyte Avenue 
The 20 support towers could be up to 32.4 meters tall 




Urban Gondolas 

There seem to be three main reasons why city’s build urban gondolas
- To connect isolated areas of the city to urban centers 
- Supplement existing transit without major on the ground infrastructure work 
- Tourist attractions

In the case of the proposed Edmonton gondola, the main goals seem to be around supplementing existing traffic and functioning as a tourist attraction. 
-https://archive.curbed.com/2017/9/21/16340394/urban-gondolas-cable-cars-cities 
-https://www.edmonton.ca/city_government/documents/transit/ETSAB_Urban_Gondolas_in_Public_Transit.pdf 


Arguments (for/against)
People who oppose the plan or have concerns bring up a fear of Prairie Sky abandoning the project or going bankrupt and leaving the city and thus the taxpayers holding the bag. There are also concerns that because the gondola is owned by a private company that needs to make a profit, ride fairs will be too expensive and establish the gondola as more of a tourist attraction rather than a viable form of transportation. This has been the situation with the gondola in London. Finally, the ERVCC fears environmental disruption and comes back to their argument that because it is not a necessary form of transportation in the river valley it does not reflect the values of City policies and plans around the river valley.

On the other hand, the gondola would create a convenient link between Downtown and Whyte Ave.  Because the project is being funded by private investment there won’t be a strain on tax-payer dollars. Additionally, approval and construction of the project could signal to other potential investors that Edmonton is a good place to pitch projects. Finally, Prairie Sky argues that their plan aligns with the goals of the City Plan and other City planning documents including the Touch the Water Promenade and the Breath Plan.


Housing

Regional Distribution of Affordable Housing

RESEARCH AND INFORMATION

WHAT IS THE POLICY?
City Policy C601 - Affordable Housing Investment Guidelines provides a set of guidelines that will govern the City’s approach to prioritizing investments in affordable housing and enhance transparency, predictability and consistency in the administration of the City of Edmonton’s capital affordable housing grant funding and land dedication processes. City Policy C601 supports a new long-term affordable housing target for all neighbourhoods in Edmonton. In addition to the existing neighbourhood affordable housing target, the Administration will also consider the degree of housing affordability, the presence of funding from other sources, the proximity to services and amenities, and project design when prioritizing affordable housing investments.
Source: Policy C601

The City-Wide Affordable Housing Framework provides grant funding to an external organization for the purpose of enabling the development of new or rehabilitation of existing affordable housing units; contributes land or buildings at below appraised market value to an external organization for the purpose of affordable housing; acquires land or buildings for the purpose of enabling the development of new affordable housing units; and, makes decisions regarding the use of eligible City-owned land or buildings surplus to other municipal needs for the purpose of enabling the development of new affordable housing.
Source: CR 5073 Affordable Housing Distribution Policy
Source: Policy C601

How will the City Implement its Policy to Spread Affordable Housing Throughout the City?
The City is promoting the development of affordable housing projects in communities with less than 16% subsidized housing.  Currently, investing in 5 permanent supportive housing projects in communities with very little social housing:  Terrace Height, Wellington, Westmount, Queen Alex, etc.  They will either fund non-profits to build on land they already own, or the City will buy land and transfer it to these non-profits.The role of the private sector in reaching this goal is a weak link.  There is C582 Developer Sponsored Affordable Housing Policy.  It is the closest thing we have to getting units of affordable Housing through density increases or bonuses. This is triggered with rezoning to DC and a unit minimum.  It requires us to buy the units (no more than 5 % at 85% of list price, and if the developer doesn't want us in the building, they can pay us to go away - !5% of the listed price of the units). Since 2006 we have only purchased 28 units.  
Source: C582 policy

In January 2020, the City cancelled the basement suite renovation grant.  Historically, the City didn’t have the jurisdiction to require private developers to include affordable housing in their new permits.  City of Edmonton Charter provisions around the power to introduce inclusionary zoning are found starting on page 23 of the City of Edmonton Charter Section 640.4 (4.1).  The City now, because of the charter, has this power to amend its Bylaw to require the integration of affordable housing into new developments.  “A land use bylaw that provides for inclusionary housing must include provisions:  (a) respecting the circumstances in which inclusionary housing may be required to be provided as a condition of subdivision approval or a development permit.”
Source: MGA
Source: Edmonton Affordable Housing Investment Program

Addressing Problem Properties

RESEARCH AND INFORMATION
The City of Edmonton has provided a small grant to the Edmonton Community Development Company to research the social and economic costs of problem properties.  They propose to capture the costs to Police, Bylaw, Fire, Law, Taxation, Safety Codes and Social Services.
The CDC states, Problem properties pose a threat to public safety; their owners or managers neglect the fundamental duties of property ownership. The impacts of derelict housing have been well-documented in both the popular and academic literature. While most studies are based in U.S. locations, there are a few Canadian reports that speak to this issue.
Source: Addressing the Impact of Substandard Housing, Abandoned Buildings, and Vacant Lots 

Researchers have demonstrated the public costs associated with problem properties by tracking the extraordinary demands they create on government services. These include:• Bylaw (inspection, enforcement, illegal dumping)• Emergency/First Responders (call outs; hospitalizations)• Police (call outs, enforcement, court attendance);• Fire (calls out for arson, accidental fire and other emergency services)• Health (inspection, enforcement)• Law (enforcement, legal proceedings)
Municipalities also experiences losses in uncollected and suppressed property tax revenue and can incur the cost of demolition (which may or may not be recouped upon sale ofland). Researchers have also calculated the cost of derelict housing and problem properties to neighbours and community members. Their direct costs include:• Decreased property values, depending on proximity to the derelict house;• Increased insurance fees, depending on numbers of claims;• Increased out of pocket expenses for insurance deductibles;• Decreased health (due to proximity to needle debris, toxic materials associated with drug production, presence of vermin)• Decreased peace of mind (fear, anxiety, stress, depression)
When derelict houses are renovated (as opposed to shuttered), there are statistically significant decreases in all classifications of crime (violent and non-violent) in adjacent properties, as well as increases in nearby property values. 
Source: Vacant Properties, The True Cost To Communities

Problem Properties Taskforce Accoutnability

RESEARCH AND INFORMATION
PROBLEM PROPERTY TASKFORCE MANDATE
At the October 29, 2019 Urban Planning Committee, the committee passed the motion that “Administration engage with the Edmonton Community Development Company, HomeEd, as well as other stakeholders, including Edmonton Police, Alberta Health, and other related provincial and municipal agencies, as well as affected communities to develop an aggressive problem properties action plan that includes redeveloping problem housing. The strategy should also include innovative enforcement and legal strategies that recognize safe housing as a human right.”
Source: Housing Redevelopment Grant Pilot Program

WHAT IS A PROBLEM PROPERTY?
For the purposes of this action plan, problem properties are defined as follows:
- Rooming houses that are not actively managed by the landlord, and result infrequent onsite criminal activity, including drug trafficking, violence, and the victimization of tenants and neighbours. Residents of these unmanaged properties cause neighbourhood residents significant pain and trauma through threats against their lives, the slashing of tires, the dumping of garbage and materials on resident properties, break-ins, and that effectively serve to eliminate the sale of homes by residents living nearby. These are dwellings where in some cases, murders take place, and gang activity is present on a daily basis.
- Boarded up dwellings that may or may not be in foreclosure and that are often broken into and used informally as shelter or by others for criminal activities.

PILOTING A REDEVELOPMENT STRATEGY TO PROBLEM PROPERTIES
Tackling Edmonton’s problem properties will require a multifaceted approach involving bylaw enforcement, police, and a range of other municipal tools. This report lays out a proposed pilot to test the viability of the City partnering with other agencies to tackle problem properties through a redevelopment strategy.  This pilot will identify four existing problem properties, including a mix of both occupied and vacant buildings. Administration would then partner with external agencies to acquire and redevelop these properties into well-managed affordable housing projects.  Administration has dedicated up to $1.5 million to support the acquisition and preparation of the four pilot project sites. This investment would be matched by external partner agencies who will provide the equity and required financing to cover the redevelopment costs of the site.  Administration will work with the external partner agencies to identify four pilot sites in the first quarter of 2020. Land acquisition will begin shortly thereafter. Once the properties are acquired, external agencies will begin the redevelopment process, with an expectation that permits will be in place and work commenced within one year.
Source: Problem Properties Action Plan

Infill Housing

Responsible Infill Development

RESEARCH AND INFORMATION

Infill Development Process
Infill development requires the same permitting as new home construction in the city which requires a development permit, building permits and additional infill requirements.  As well, it must also follow the residential infill design guidelines for mature neighborhoods. There are many permits to construction and additional ones for infill. As per all construction, the city does inspections on these permits during and after construction.

The residential infill design guidelines address how buildings and sites should be designed to support compatibility with existing housing and the neighbourhood context. They are specific to the 3 categories of small, medium and large infill projects.

While inspections are done on almost all the components of construction, there are no inspections on excavation and trenching. The only requirement on excavation is making sure that utility and water lines have been identified to avoid damage. Excavation and trenching seem to do the most damage as per neighbour accounts and the only thing provided by the city on this is a Residential Construction Guide which recommends that a developer should seek professional advice before excavating.
Source: Residential Construction Guide

Infill Public Engagement
A few city engagement exercises and one independent one have been completed in recent years and include:

COE Infill Roadmap (2018)
- Engagement process that involved citizens, community organizations, the building and development industry and City Administration
- The overarching objective has been to answer the question of how can we welcome more people and new homes in our older neighbourhoods?
- Contains 25 actions and over 3,000 people participated in Evolving Infill through 50 in-person events and two online surveys over 20 months
- The roadmap is mostly centered on the design, general costs and efficiencies, expediting infill growth and community design impact. It does not address the safety concerns of impacts to neighboring properties and developments.
Source: Infill Roadmap

NEIGHBOURS OF INFILL SURVEY REPORT (2020)
- Infill survey was conducted by the community-led Residential Infill Working Group. 79% of the respondents indicated that construction activity caused damage or other impacts to their property. While this was a high number not all the respondents described the specific types of damage.
- Survey was completed by 175 residents across 41 mature neighbourhoods
- The key concerns that respondents reported was damage and/or risk of damage related to demolition and excavation and drainage.
- It seems that most of the damage was caused by excavation and trenching and the main concern was that the city did not provide much help with resolving the complaints from an infill causing damage to a neighbor. 68% of respondents did not have their concerns resolved to their satisfaction.
Source: Residential Info Working Group

Infill programs and Tools
COE - Infill pre-application Meetings
- Direct info application meetings for developers needing help or guidance on the permitting process
Source: Edmonton Pre-Application Meetings

COE – Expedited Infill Pilot
- In partnership with the Infill Development in Edmonton Association (IDEA), launched the two-year Expedited Infill Pilot. Intended to encourage better construction practices aby offering expedited development permit review timelines for participants.
- It offers reduced permit approval timelines for eligible participants and you must successfully complete the Education Program offered through the Infill Development in Edmonton Association (IDEA) to be eligible.
Source: Edmonton Expedited Infill Pilot

Infill Development in Edmonton Association (IDEA)
- IDEA is a proactive group that provides education and resources on infill development to the community and industry. They connect organizations, experts, businesses and individuals in order to encourage high quality and vibrant infill development.
- They offer resources, events and education and work closely with city administration.
Source: Infill Edmonton

Infill news articles
Stricter infill rules coming to Edmonton, councillors say – April 2019
Source: CBC News

Edmonton mature neighbourhood residents calling on the city to increase enforcement for damage caused by infill developments – January 2021
Source: Edmonton Journal

COMPARISON TO OTHER MUNICIPALITIES
City of Winnipeg
- Similar development process
Source: Some initiatives to improve development and enforcement planned for the next 5 years
Source: Residential Development Guidelines for Mature Communities
Source: Infill Development Guidelines: At-a-glance

City of Toronto
- More specific and strict development requirements.
- Has a dedicated enforcement unit for infill sites.
- Inter-divisional working group to direct council’s decisions with infill policy.
- Introductory site inspection with developer to identify concerns before construction.
Source: Strategy for Minimizing the Negative Impacts of Residential Infill Construction Activity
Source: The Good Neighbourhood Guide

City of Vancouver
- More specific and strict development requirements.
- Similar initiatives to improve development and enforcement.
- Complaints from developers because development permits take too long, on average 2 years. 
Source: Vancouver Bylaws
Source: City of Vancouver

City of Calgary
- Similar development process
- No specific initiatives to improve development and enforcement found
Source: Building and Development lists and forms (CARLs)

City of Montreal
- Similar development process
- No specific initiatives to improve development and enforcement found
- New infill requirement coming in April 2021 for larger sites of over 450m Sq.  (approx. 5 lots) that will require the developer to contribute to social, affordable and family housing. 
Source: Montreal QB: By-Law for a Diverse Metropolis
Source: Diverse metropolis: An overview of the by-law

Policing

EPS Misconduct

RESEARCH AND INFORMATION
Professional Standards Branch
The Professional Standards Branch of EPS releases a detailed Annual Report outlining the number of complaints, who filed them, causes of the complaints, types of investigations and results of disciplinary board hearings.  Report does not delve into specific hearings or misconduct investigations. Outlines basic investigatory process.

Majority of Complaints in 2019 were regarding Professionalism (34%), followed by use of force (17%, 29 complaints). There were 28 total allegations of Assault against EPS members in 2019, 26 were found to not be substantiated, 1 resulted in a conviction, and 1 in a conditional discharge.

When complaints are received, they are reviewed by the PSB of EPS and a decision is made as to whether or not to investigate and open a file. Initial complaints are regarded as “EPS Matters”, and then escalated to opening a file on review by the PSB.
Source: Professional Standards Brand 2019 Annual Report

For more information, please refer to: Report To The Edmonton Police Commission

New Policies
New policies for 2019 from the PSB:
- Review of traffic violations on photo-radar by EPS vehicles.
- Review of escalation process of complaints and serious allegations. “all incidents involving (or complaints alleging) serious injury or death and allegations of a serious or sensitive nature require notification to the Director of Law Enforcement. Prior to 2018, PSB would open “EPS Matter” files to track these investigations (which are typically done external to PSB, by ASIRT or the Major Crimes Branch). The files would be reclassified as formal complaints if there was evidence of potential misconduct or if there was a risk of losing jurisdiction based on time limits (i.e. one year from the incident date).“ (p.4 2019 PSB Review)
- Dispute Resolution Process is the preferred method for dealing with complaints and investigations. “may take the form of supervisor reviews, facilitated discussions, formal mediations, peacemaking circles and discussions or reviews with Professional Standards Branch members. In 2019, dispute resolutions were attempted in 32% of all complaints, an increase from 17% in 2018. Dispute resolution was successful in resolving 47 complaints in 2019, which is over 20% of the complaints concluded in 2019.”
- 2020, focus is to start dispute resolution from onset of receiving complaints.

The purpose of the Edmonton Police Commission (“Commission”) Professional Standards Committee (“Committee”) is to monitor and oversee the public complaint process. While the Edmonton Police Service (“Service”) is responsible for investigating complaints, the Committee and the Public Complaint Director (“PCD”) ensure investigations are thorough, fair to all parties, and are conducted in accordance with laws and policies.
Source: Edmonton Police Service launches recruitment campaign aimed at diverse applicants 
Source: Edmonton Police Commission Reports

Assessing EPS Street Checks

RESEARCH AND INFORMATION
Recent Changes
In 2020, the provincial government officially banned the practice known as “carding”, arbitrarily asking citizens for their ID and stopping them. While this is a good step on paper, the concern still exists as to whether or not “street checks” will simply be a replacement for this now banned practice. The difference between a “street check” and “carding” is that in order for the police to legitimately stop someone for a street check, there must be a legitimate crime prevention reason for contact, including crime prevention or inquiries into possible criminal offences that may have been committed. Street checks are voluntary, police officers are supposed to inform whoever they make contact with of this, and the reason for stopping them.
Source: Understanding Street Checks

Guidelines
EPS street check guidelines and EPS Commission Street Check Review recommendations are that officers use decision making directed towards situational or contextual discretion rather than individual discretion. That is to say, when a street check is conducted, the context of the stop should be the deciding factor on whether or not to make contact, not the individual in particular.
Source: EPS Street Check Study

The major issue at hand is whether or not officers are using this contextual basis for their stops rather than discriminatory or prejudicial views. The reason that carding was banned is that more often than not, police officers would ID individuals based on their appearances rather than situations that they were in. For instance, as per the 2018 Street Check Review, “The analysis of the 2017 SCR data revealed that only 16.5 percent of the 27,125 SCRs that were approved in 2017 were in compliance with EPS street check guidelines. A review of a sample of cases that were reviewed by the EPS as part of a quality assurance review indicated that many of the SCRs deemed to be in compliance were not. There was also conflicting information recorded on the identity of the person stopped.”

There has been a significant reduction in the instances of Street Checks being conducted in Edmonton, with a 47.9% year-over-year reduction in street checks in Edmonton during the first six months of 2020 (3,591 vs 6,889).
Source: Street Checks and Street Check Order Procedures
Source: Progress Report on the City of Edmonton Street Check Report
Source: City Of Edmonton Street Checks Policy And Practice Review

Concerns
While the practice of carding is banned, community activists are concerned about the possibility of street checks continuing the discriminatory practice of targeting racialized and at-risk populations.
Source: Street Checks Continue To Decline In Edmonton

Diversity Within EPS

RESEARCH AND INFORMATION

Demographic Information
In Edmonton, 35% of citizens are visible minorities or Indigenous, these groups constitute <10% of the police force. This is changing however, as the 2019 recruit class was made up of 57% underrepresented groups, up from 41% in 2018. 18.9% of EPS are women. 7.6% identify as a visible minority. 2.9% identify as Indigenous.

In 2017, EPS launched a campaign aimed at drawing more diverse recruits to match the city’s demographics. Additionally, programs such as “Running with Recruiters” actively seeks to be more accurate of the demographics of the city.  For the total population of Edmonton as of the 2011 federal census, 64.7% were white, 5.3% were indigenous and 30% were ethnic minorities, with self-identifying Chinese accounting for 7.3% of the total population.
Source: Career Development and Advancement of Women and other Underrepresented Groups
Source: Edmonton Police Commission Meetings
 
Below information is taken from EPS: Career development and advancement of women and other underrepresented groups (Nov 2017) from the office of Strategy ManagementWith regards to sworn members by gender, rank and ethnic/racial identity, the following table shows the most recent (May 2016) breakdown:

Source: Report To The Community

Overall, the organization is 35% (or 989 employees) female and 65% (or 1829 employees) male-this is all eps (sworn and non-sworn) employees.
Source: Report To The Edmonton Police Commission

Transportation

Decisive ETS Operations Management

RESEARCH AND INFORMATION
Previous Plans
-
Transportation Master Plan created for 2009-2018.
Source: The Way We move transportation master plan
- Transit Strategy created in 2017, but it didn’t identify the timeline it covered.
Source: Edmonton's Transit Strategy

Current Plan
The MDP and Master Transportation Plan were combined into the 2020 City Plan. See information file for information on the transportation
content in the city plan
Source: Edmonton City Plan

Budget Review
On budget for the last 5 years.

Source: Edmonton Financial Annual Reports

Ridership
Has not increased in the last 3 years and has not reached the 2020 annual target of 103K.
2019 - 86,715,540
2018 - 87,121,534
2017 - 86,997,466
Source: Edmonton ETS Statistics
Source: Edmonton Transit Ridership

Fares
There are very good, reduced fare programs available to students, seniors and those that need free access like homeless and high risk homeless individuals. Source: https://www.edmonton.ca/ets/fares-passes.aspx

Innovation
Edmonton will have Canada’s largest fleet of electric buses, 50 buses, ordered by 2020. Source: https://globalnews.ca/news/5136476/edmonton-electric-bus-fleet/

Prevalent Councillor and Public Issues
-
Expedite LRT build
- LRT might be too expensive
- New Bus Network Redesign (BNR), bus route and stop redesign that will provide better and more efficient routes in the city, may not be that effective by taking away stops from some communities. (On demand transit will be put in place to cover this)
Councillors
Andrew Knack
Aaron Paquette
Sarah Hamilton
Ben Henderson
Mike Nickel

2019 ETS Revenue Management Audit
2018 Total Cost of Transit Service:
- $327MTax Subsidy = $191M (exclusively from city taxpayers)
- Total Fare and Non-fare revenue = $136M
2018 Revenue – Combined fare and non-fare revenue = $136M
- Fare revenue = $117 M
- Non-fare revenue = $19M

Non fare revenue is low. Non fare revenue comes from sources such as advertisements, service contracts, partnership agreements, provision for charter bus service, parking fees at LRT stations and Park and Ride services.

Key recommendations include:
- Strengthen governance framework related to revenue management
- Improve program reporting related to revenue management
- Enhance non-fare revenue strategies
- Better document support for inputs and assumptions for developing fare schedules for revenue management.
Source: Edmonton Transit Service Revenue Management Audit

Waste Management

Effective Waste Management

RESEARCH AND INFORMATION
Waste management includes the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal. Waste diversion is the process of diverting waste from landfills.

National Facts
-
Of the 36 countries within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Canada is the 8th worst.
Source: Global Waste Index 2019
- Emissions from Canadian landfills account for 20% of national methane emissions.
Source: Municipal solid waste and greenhouse gases

Provincial
-
Alberta has the highest waste per person per year at 1.03 tonnes.

Source: Disposal of waste by source, residential and non-residential (Statistics Canada)

- The province’s waste characterization is highest in organic waste at 26.4% and non-degradable plastics at 12.9%. (Total non-degradable categories are 34.4% combined)
Source: National Waste Characterization Report

Edmonton
Waste Management Center has:
- Enerkem Waste to Biofuels Facility
- Landfill gas recovery system
- E-waste Recycling facility Composting facility – CLOSED in 2017 because of building damage
- Anaerobic Digestion facility – opened in 2019 to replace organic solid waste conversion into biosolids and compost form the composting facility, but only has half the capacity at 40K tonnes per year
- Materials Recovery facility for Recyclables
- Biosolids Lagoons
- Leachate Treatment Plant for liquid extraction from landfill

Waste Programs:
- Eco Stations to drop-off your household hazardous waste and e-waste
- A Reuse Centre, that accepts household items and makes them available for reuse
- Community recycling depots located throughout the city
- Big Bin events to drop off large items at no charge
- Assisted Waste collection for residents with mobility challenges
- Separate Garbage Carts (March 2021) – cart for garbage, cart for organics and continued blue bag recycling.
- 25 Year Waste Management Strategy
- Created September 2019 after extensive public engagement.90% waste diversion goal with most of the strategic activities happening within the first 5-7 years.

Constraints:
- City has a contract to direct up to 100,000 tonnes of municipal solid waste feedstock annually to create RDF for the Enerkem plant. Based on the plan it does not seem like this plant is at full capacity.
- Are all the processes in this including the single use plastic ban plan, increased garbage separation and others working fast enough compared to where other cities are at?
Source: The Future Of Waste
Source: Edmonton Garbage and Recycling Services
Source: Edmonton Waste Management Centre

City Council Engagement 
Aaron Paquette
- Waste Management: Audit Shows a Struggling System (Feb 2018)
Source: Woebegone Waste Management: Audit Shows a Struggling System

Ben Henderson
- Leadership in Environmental Sustainability - This city has the chance and the responsibility to be at the forefront of environmental sustainability. This means a real commitment to meeting our greenhouse gas  targets. We must also continue our work on environmental sustainability in the areas of water, solid waste, biodiversity, protection of natural areas, preservation of our city’s trees, and limiting the use of herbicides and pesticides.
Source: Ben Henderson

Comparison To Other Municipalities

Source: Edmonton Falls Short of Waste Diversion Goal By 20%
Source: Edmonton diverts only 21 per cent of waste from landfill in 2019
Source: Toronto Solid Waste Reports & Diversion Rates
Source: Solid Waste Diversion Rate
Source: Residential and Small Business Landfill Diversion
Source: New York City Municipal Government Refuse Recycling Statistics
Source: Chicago Recycling Rate Gets Even Worse At 8.8%. New Laws

San Francisco
- Checkout Bag Charge and Recyclable or Compostable Pre-Checkout Bag Ordinance (July 2020) – all stores must charge $0.25 for a plastic bag.
Source: Checkout Bag Charge and Recyclable or Compostable Pre-Checkout Bag Ordinance
- Polystyrene Foam and the Food Service and Packaging Waste Reduction Ordinance (Jan 2017) - The sale of food service ware and packing materials made from polystyrene foam is prohibited.
Source: Polystyrene Foam and the Food Service and Packaging Waste Reduction Ordinance
- Plastic, Litter, and Toxics Reduction Law (July 2019) – plastic straw restriction, plastic accessory ban and compostable food ware criteria.
Source: Plastic, Litter, and Toxics Reduction Law
Fort McMurray - Plastic bag ban (2009)
Source: Fort McMurray bans single-use bags

Canada (Proposed)
- Federal government has proposed a federal ban on all single use plastics by 2021, this has not yet been put in place.
Source: Canada-wide ban on many single-use plastics on track for 2021, minister says

Women and girls

Safe Spaces For Women

RESEARCH AND INFORMATION
The Women’s Initiative Edmonton
Edmonton City has/had a Women’s Initiative program which based on its website promotes equality, opportunity, access to services, justice, and inclusion for women. In order to achieve this goal, the Women’s Advocacy Voice of Edmonton (WAVE) committee was formed (2014). This committee advises Edmonton’s City Council on a variety of issues that impact women, whether it is a security/safety, city planning, or unequal representation issue in Edmonton from a gendered lens. Women’s initiative Edmonton has been on hiatus since COVID-19-related service reductions came into effect.
Source: Women's Advocacy Voice of Edmonton Committee

Safe Cities and Safe Public Spaces Global Initiative
The City of Edmonton has a Gender Based Violence and Sexual Assault Prevention Council Initiative. Based on the website, the initiative is dedicated to ending gender-based violence and sexual assaults in Edmonton by targeting the root causes: inequality and discrimination. It’s Time Edmonton is the face of Edmonton’s Gender Based Violence and Sexual Assault Prevention Council’s initiative launched in 2015. Both initiatives appear to still be operational.

In 2017, Edmonton completed a Safe City study on sexual violence in our city. We learned what forms of sexual violence happen most often, where the violence is occurring and who are most often the victims of this violence.
Source: The Community Response to Preventing and Addressing Sexual Violence Against Women and Girls in Public Spaces

In response to the Safe City study, in 2018, community groups, indigenous organizations, academia, corporate partners and government came together as the Edmonton Safe City Community Collaboration Committee to recommend strategies and actions to make public spaces safer for women and girls in Edmonton.The Collaboration Committee’s work incorporates research, expertise and leading practices from other Safe Cities from around the world and has aligned its work with research done in Edmonton.

Women only Programs
Activities, Parks, and Recreation Programs offered by the City of Edmonton:
The City of Edmonton has fewer programs and activities at the moment due to public health measures. However, there is a Female Only Swim Program at Eastglen which appears not operational at this time.
Source: Edmonton Activities, Courses, and Programs

Safe City YEG
SafeCityYEG is a web-based mapping tool that allows Edmontonians to report where they feel unsafe or safe in their communities and why.  

“Cities are for everyone and should be safe and welcoming for all. However, for many women and girls, this isn’t always the reality. Women and girls face daily challenges when it comes to safety and often make specific choices to avoid the public spaces they feel unsafe in.  We want to know about the spaces where you feel safe or unsafe, where you might look around twice before passing through, where you’ve experienced street harassment or any form of sexual violence.   By placing pins on a map and identifying a safety concern or places where you feel comfortable, you are helping to influence change.”

The primary goal of this project is to have as many women and girls participate as possible for up to 1 year.   The website is currently active and accepting pins.
Source: Safecity Yeg

COMPARISON TO OTHER MUNICIPALITIES
Winnipeg
As part of the Safe City initiative in Winnipeg, there is a Winnipeg Safe City Steering Committee that is co-chaired by the Province of Manitoba – Status of Women Branch. The committee is committed to addressing, reducing and preventing violence against women and girls in public places. 

The City of Winnipeg also offered a Safe Space Grant Program in 2020 to provide funding to Programs that offered support to priority populations such as women, and sexually exploited girls and women among others. 
Further partnerships and information can be found below.
Source: Winnipeg Safe City Steering Committee

Vancouver
The City of Vancouver has several programs and initiatives for women – further inquiry may be needed to determine if these initiatives are ongoing. The Women’s Advisory Committee advises Council and staff on enhancing access and inclusion for women and girls to participate in City services and civic life. It also addresses the issues faced by women in five priority areas such as safety, accessible quality childcare, women’s leadership and representation within the City’s Workforce. The Women’s Equity Strategy reflects the vision of the Women’s Advisory Committee. Another program that the City of Vancouver offers is Women4Politics (opportunity to learn about civic government and mentorship).
Source: Women's Advisory Comittee
Source: Women's Equity Strategy
Source: Women4Politics: A Mock Council Experience for Young Women

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